Advances in porcine embryos production have been impaired by the in vitro maturation (IVM) system and in vitro developments (IVD) are still not optimized. The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of different oocytes collection methods (aspiration and dissection) on oocytes maturation and combine with the different electro-activation protocols on in vitro pre-implantation development of parthenogenetic diploid porcine embryos. The results showed that dissection method was significantly higher both in quantity (87.23%, p <0.05) of matured oocytes and in the rate of oocytes with very good quality (53.00%) compared with aspiration method (62.00%, 30.22%; respectively). We further accessed the quality of matured oocytes competence via parthenogenetic embryo development. Using four electro-activation protocols, we found that the electro-activation condition had no effect on the development of embryos to the 2-cell, 4-cell and 8-cell stages. However, the oocytes activated by the 60V/cm amplitude of pulse group had less (41.33%; p <0.05) development at the morula stage than 90V/cm, 100V/cm and 150V/cm amplitude of pulse groups (73.99%, 67.62%, 72.55%; respectively). The embryos develop to blastocyst stage was highest in the group induced by 90V/cm electro pulse was 71.76% compared to 100V/cm, 150V/cm, and 60V/cm (62.86%, 62.05%, and 37.63%, p<0.001, respectively). We conclude that the combining of dissection method for porcine oocytes collection and electro-activation with the amplitude of pulses 90V/cm can enhance both the activation success and development competition in in vitro pre-
implantation parthenogenetic diploid porcine embryos.


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